Lys Fabrics: A Glossary
Hemp production requires no pesticides, fungicides, or chemical fertilizers, and hemp is three times as strong and twice as resistant as cotton. Hemp is also naturally mold- and mildew-resistant. No part of the plant is wasted during production. It is an efficient and economical crop for farmers to grow; however, industrial hemp cannot be grown commercially in the United States because it is erroneously confused with marijuana. Until the 1920s, a large portion of clothing was fabricated using hemp textiles.
Muga silk is produced by the wild silkworm Antheraea assamensis of Assam in northern India. It is not bleached or dyed, because its natural hue is a shimmering gold that becomes more lustrous with every washing. Muga silk appears delicate but is very strong and durable. It resists stains and absorbs moisture. In other words, it looks beautiful, wears beautifully.
Organic Cotton is grown using methods and materials that have a low impact on the environment. Organic production systems replenish and maintain soil fertility, reduce the use of toxic and persistent pesticides and fertilizers, and build biologically diverse agriculture. Third-party certification organizations verify that organic producers use only methods and materials allowed in organic production.
Organic Wool is produced in accordance with federal standards for organic livestock production. Moreover, no harsh detergents or chemical processes are used to manufacture it, and wool producers must use practices that encourage livestock health.
Recycled Fibers feature in some Lys items in the form of a Hemp/Poly blend that is 77% hemp and 23% recycled poly ("rPET"). The recycling of PET uses less energy than the manufacture of new PET, and its use by Lys helps divert some plastic waste from landfills.
Silk, like other natural fibers, is a renewable resource and biodegradable. Lys sources its silks from family farms and rural cooperatives. They are processed and woven on a small-scale, village level.
Silk noil is woven from yarn spun from the short fibers that are a by-product of silk manufacture. Sometimes called "raw silk" in the fashion industry, it is a midweight fabric with a nubby feel and low sheen; it resembles cotton in surface texture.
Tussah silk is produced by wild silkworms that feed on leaves in forested regions of Asia, where they are harvested and protected by the local people. Because of the tannin content of their diet, the natural color of Tussah silk is honey beige.